Simply put, any discolouration or unevenness in colour on your skin is known as hyper-pigmentation. In other words, it's an inconsistency in colour when compared to your natural skin tone.
This can be in multiple forms, such as sun spots, freckles, scars from acne etc.
Any exposed skin can be vulnerable to hyper-pigmentation; considering that the sun's UVA and UVB rays are a leading factor. The rays when penetrate the skin, increase the amount of melanin present and thus lead to aforementioned discolouration.
Other factors responsible could be pollution, hormones, injuries, blue light from computers and Tv’s and many more.
This pigmentation can be unsightly for some individuals with it, or psychologically troubling for others who it affects, and unfortunately, nothing—concealer and colour corrector included—can shield you from the unrelenting shadows of hyperpigmentation.
And while you can always visit a dermatologist for your skin troubles, but for those who like to go au naturel here we have a few simple home remedies to save you some time and money.
1. Papaya mask
I think we can all agree that papaya as a fruit is quite controversial, but it’s contribution to breaking down those patches is definitely not up for debate.
An enzyme called papain, present in the fruit has the capacity to act as a great exfoliator, thus helping reduce those spots. All you have to do is grate a nice ripe papaya and squeeze it till it drops.
Apply the juice to affected areas and leave it for around 15 minutes, keep up with this for a month to see significant improvement.
2. Turmeric and honey mask
Turmeric has excellent bleaching and anti-bacterial properties and when combined with honey, it moisturises and whitens the skin by exfoliating the dark spots.
Take a few big spoons of the powder, add around 1 tablespoon of honey to it, mix well and massage across your face/body; If the honey obstructs the spreading, add a little bit of oil for easy application.
Do this everyday before you take a bath, leave on for 30 minutes and then wash off with lukewarm water.
3. Vitamin E capsules
Vitamin E is known to neutralise the damage caused by the sun's UV rays and this is important considering that the sun is responsible for increasing melanin in our body.
Take a couple of the tablets, puncture them and extract the contents into a bowl, mix in a few drops of castor oil and you’re done.
Apply the concoction to the affected areas and leave overnight for best results.
4. Raw potato mask
Potatoes are a very versatile vegetable, you can fry them, mash them, bake them and even use them to help with hyperpigmentation.
Potatoes are an inhibitor of catecholase, an enzyme that slows down and restricts the production of pigments on your skin.
Cut a potato in half and dip it in a little water, then apply the piece in circular motions to the problem areas. Repeat 2-3 times a week for desired results.
5. Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which may act as a mild chemical peel in some cases.
The beta-carotene in this miraculous potion frees your skin of free radicals in the atmosphere that dull the gleam on your face, leaving it supple and dewy.
To use this remedy, apply 1 part apple cider vinegar and 1 part water to the pigmented area for a few minutes, twice daily. Rinse the area thoroughly afterward.
There you have it, 5 easy and hassle free ways to get rid of those unwanted spots.
It would be best to visit your dermatologist and understand the reason(s) behind your hyperpigmentation, and only then try out these home made remedies. Diligently follow these methods and you will be sure to achieve picture perfect skin!